The hottest semiconductor industry goes to a highe

2022-09-19
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The semiconductor industry "to a higher level" suffers from no stairs

ZTE's "ban" event has exposed the strength gap faced by the core technology of China's semiconductor industry. Compared with the current situation, the outside world pays more attention to how the industry will "break through the blockade" in the future. On the evening of April 18, a symposium urgently held by CCF YOCSEF (Youth computer science and Technology Forum of Chinese Computer Society) was held at the Institute of computing technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences

"the most difficult thing about our chips is not that our technology can't catch up with others, but that we have no place to use when we make them." Li Guojie, an academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering and honorary chairman of the Chinese computer society, said at the forum that chips are not made of money. The accumulation of experience has a process, which requires long-term and stable support from the state and support in application

some insiders also pointed out that China's semiconductor industry is currently facing a talent dilemma, and believed that the layout of national top-level design is needed in talent training. In this regard, industry insiders present at the meeting proposed the "fountain model", in terms of talent training, "we should have the layout of national top-level design and a good environment. Let more teams have this opportunity to let a seedling grow into a big tree". Reduce the volume

technological breakthrough: the most difficult thing is that there is no place to apply it.

"everyone is very concerned about the problem that the core technology is controlled by others. This situation is short-term, but everyone should be patient with the current situation. (core technological breakthrough) can't be solved by turning over suddenly." Li Guojie said at the beginning that for the development of semi guidelines, it is important for users to set relevant binding parameters according to experimental projects and requirements. While catching up, it also needs patience

China's semiconductor industry started late and failed to take the lead in the breakthrough of core technology, which also makes it difficult for independent research and development to take the initiative. Under the pressure of international advanced manufacturers, the breakthrough, application and iteration of domestic core technology are difficult. "Key technologies and core products are used, and they will never mature if they are not used." Li Guojie said that we must strongly support the application of domestic chips and the development of supporting industries. The most difficult thing for the chip industry is that it has no place to use when it is made

huweiwu, researcher of Institute of computing technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences and head of Godson processor, also believes that the application and promotion of independent components should be strengthened. At present, China has developed products in many fields, but the scale is still relatively small. For convenience and other factors, enterprises give priority to foreign products, and the growth space of domestic manufacturers is limited

the iteration contradiction between technology and market has always existed, but experts at the meeting pointed out that 2. For long-term strategic considerations, the selection of indicators should support independent research and development in the whole industrial chain, and help product iteration through practical application. "It's like I'm going to the second floor, but I don't have stairs. Is it possible for you to help me on another basic principle? (now) the threshold is very high. Others climb stairs. I don't have stairs and need a rope." Hu Weiwu made an analogy

Hu Weiwu also proposed that even if every part is inferior to that of foreign countries, it is possible to open up the technology chain and form an independent ecosystem. "For example, the performance of some CPUs of apple is inferior to that of Intel and the complexity of the operating system is inferior to that of Microsoft, but the user experience is very good"

Chen Jian, the current Vice Chairman of YOCSEF, also said that to support the domestic production of the whole ecological chain, on the one hand, funds flow into chip enterprises. On the other hand, software enterprises closely related to chips should also be supported together, so as to form an ecological environment, which can truly solve the current problems

talent dilemma: "spend tens of billions" is difficult to solve the problem

Li Guojie said that the semiconductor industry chain requires not only technology accumulation, but also long-term experience accumulation. Financial support is necessary, but it can not be solved by "investing tens of billions". The industry should be prepared for long-term efforts, and the policy side also needs patient guidance and stable support

On the other hand, the breakthrough of core technology is closely related to talent reserve, and the development of China's semiconductor industry is also facing the dilemma of talent training

Hu Weiwu introduced that at present, there are relatively few basic talents in China. They are all teaching students how to use computers, rather than how to build computers. "For example, most Internet enterprises use Java, and there are probably more than 100000 engineers graduated from colleges and universities. However, there are only dozens of virtual machines running Java now, and I didn't even have 10 people when I started my business in 2010."

some participants also said that the "red flag effect" of the market on students' job selection was not small. "All students, whether they understand it or not, are now talking about artificial intelligence and big data. Almost no students talk about making chips." Li Wudong, deputy dean of the school of computer and information technology at Beijing Jiaotong University, believes that it is now at the "root cause" stage, that is, systematic construction

Wang Jun, the sixth vice president of YOCSEF, said that in contrast to education, there are problems in the mining, respect and cultivation of students' interests, "for example, in the selection mechanism, at what stage should we start to select talents with appropriate interests, abilities and values"

Li Guojie proposed that talent training and technology research can adopt the "fountain mode" to "grow seedlings" in a relaxed environment. "(talent training) we should have the layout of national top-level design and a good environment, so that more teams have the opportunity to grow and let a seedling grow into a big tree."

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